PEAT

Peloid is a natural organic and mineral material which was formed in process of transformation of bog vegetation fossil remains in anaerobic conditions and as a result of geological processes with water and microorganisms participation. The name „peloid” derives from Greek (pelos = mud), whereas the Polish name “borowina” derives from the Old Polish name for peat, which was extracted in forests (Polish “bór”).

Peat was and still is used for various purposes. We are mainly interested in therapeutic properties of peat.

Numerous finds, well preserved for ages in peat bogs, confirm unusual conserving properties of peat. 

Cosmetic properties of peat were appreciated by Egyptians and its therapeutic properties were well known to ancient Greeks. Currently in Polish health resorts and sanatoriums therapeutic peat, called peloid, is used. It was introduced for the first time into therapeutic treatment in Krynica in 1858. Today in health resorts and sanatoriums we use peloid baths and wrappings as well as baths with peloid emulsion. Peloid supports treatment of degenerative disease, post-traumatic conditions and any complaints connected with muscular and joint pain.

Therapeutic peat is divided into raised, transitional and low peat. The raised peat forms over the water table. Such peat contains 95% of organic substances and not more than 5% of inorganic ones. The raised peat is regarded as high quality peat. They are characterised by high water capacity, high sorptive capacity and low heat conduction. They have acid reaction.

The low peat form in forested lake basins, river-beds and anywhere where water deposited mineral components. The low peat contains average 25% of organic matter and 75% of inorganic matter, so they are highly mineralized. They are neutral or slightly alkaline.

For practical reasons a repartition according to von Post 10-degree scale characterizing degree of peloid humification (degrees of humification H) was introduced. Peloid from H6 up to H10 is recommended for therapeutic purposes. 

The above repartition is very important for exploitation of natural peloid deposits. The process of peloid transformation used by Torf Corporation in production of „TOLPA Peloid Cure” eliminates the necessity of ideal selection of deposit. The extraction process of the peloid extract is standardized in respect of therapeutic substances and we can be sure that every bath in the peloid emulsion has the same therapeutic value.

Natural peloid consists of grains with average diameter about 4mm. It is crumbled for the treatment purposes and as a result peloid grains are about 2mm in diameter. Peloid contains numerous active organic substances. 

The natural peloid is hard to access, labile and very expensive. In fact one can use it in health resorts and sanatoriums with therapeutic profile aiming to give treatment of motor system diseases. Therefore the preparations of „TOLPA Peloid Cure” are of such great value since they can be used as a home health resort.

Not every peat may be material for the peloid treatments. Torf Corporation Company possess its own peat bog in unpolluted region of Poland, certified in respect of usefulness for therapeutic purposes. The peat bog Borek is located in the vicinity of Byczyna, in the Prosna river valley. Balneotherapeutic usefulness of peat according to BN – 74/9560 – 04 standard determines content of organic matter, mainly humic acids, which for hundreds years were formed from remains of plants in the process of humification. Peat from the peat bog Borek was examined by Balneoprojekt company, which confirmed that it meets requirements imposed on the therapeutic peat.

Extraction of therapeutic peat consists in getting from natural peat active substances and leads up to obtaining peloid extract. Tests and experiments conducted for many years together with Prof. Tolpa allowed the company to design and produce equipment and method of extracting active substances from peat. The method of peloid extract production ensures on the one hand maximum isolation of all active substances from peat, even those insoluble in traditional peloid, and on the other hand that their therapeutic properties stay intact. The extract obtained in this way is an “essence” containing the most precious components of peat without any ballast.